It is commonly known that the consumption of sugary foods results in tooth decay. Bacterium, such as Streptococcus Mutans, ferment the sugars that we eat, resulting in the demineralisation of enamel. However, substantial research has proven that honey can benefit your oral health and have positive effects! Honey contains a lower percentage of glucose and fructose than other common sugary foods. Furthermore, research has shown that honey has antimicrobial properties and that it contains anti-inflammatory compounds. Therefore, honey can reduce tooth decay and prevent gingivitis (gum inflammation) when consumed in the right amounts.
A scientific study carried out in New Zealand (S. Rupesh et Al, 2014) involved applying 5ml of honey on all the occlusal surfaces of the teeth of children, twice daily after breakfast in the morning and at dinner for 21 days. The children were asked to keep the honey in the mouth for one minute without swallowing any. They were instructed not to eat, drink or rinse for a period of 30 minutes. After being compared to a control group, findings showed that the honey significantly reduced the levels of Streptococcus Mutans in the mouth! This shows that when consumed in the right amounts, honey can reduce the risk of developing tooth decay!
Another study conducted by Atwa et Al, 2014, investigated the effects of chewing honey and how it impacted oral health. They looked at the bacterial count in the mouth and the levels of dental plaque formed after consuming honey. They compared the effects of honey in the mouth with 10% solutions of sorbitol and 10% sucrose solution. Results showed that the levels of decay causing bacterium were significantly reduced when chewing on honey, compared to chewing on the sorbitol and sucrose solutions. The growth of certain bacteria strains were inhibited by the honey as it had a similar effect to using antibiotics!
Honey comes from flower nectar, collected by bees. The bees produce a deliciously sweet honey containing an Apitoxin. This is also known as honey bee venom and has been found to have anti-microbial properties. A study by Leandro et al, 2015, looked at the biological components of the Apitoxins. Melittin is an antimicrobial peptide that can decease the number of bacteria in the mouth by interacting with the membrane of the bacteria and destroying it.
Numerous studies have shown that honey contains antimicrobial agents, such as melittin, which can destroy bacteria in the mouth and reduce the risk of tooth decay. Honey can help to prevent gingivitis and reduce the levels of plaque in our mouths. When consumed in the right amounts and teeth are looked after appropriately, honey may keep your smile looking as beautiful as ever! But do not forget to brush your teeth.
Maroua Benterkia – Dental Student
Sources: 3 scientific articles:
- Rupesh, S., Winnier, J., Rao, A., Reddy, N., Nayak, U. and Peter, J. (2014). Evaluation of the effects of manuka honey on salivary levels of mutans streptococci in children: A pilot study. Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, 32(3), p.212.
- Atwa, A., AbuShahba, R., Mostafa, M. and Hashem, M. (2014). Effect of honey in preventing gingivitis and dental caries in patients undergoing orthodontic treatment. The Saudi Dental Journal, 26(3), pp.108-114.
- Leandro, L., Mendes, C., Casemiro, L., Vinholis, A., Cunha, W., Almeida, R. and Martins, C. (2015). Antimicrobial activity of apitoxin, melittin and phospholipase A2 of honey bee (Apis mellifera) venom against oral pathogens. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 87(1), pp.147-155.